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Politics 1101
Dr. Barke
4/17/05
The Advancement of Women
Title IX has had a great effect on women in numerous different types of areas, including, women’s athletics and equality between women and men in school’s nationwide. The establishment of Title IX has been the greatest improvement for women’s athletics and it has really been a great addition for women and people who enjoy watching and following women’s athletics. Before Title IX was passed, women’s athletics were under the radar and not too many people in the world really cared about women's sports. Women have always had a disadvantage when discussing athletics because men have always been the more popular item. Title IX has allowed women’s sports, like basketball, softball, and swimming for example, to become huge today. Overall, Title IX has allowed women athletes to finally feel on the same level as men athletes and has also encouraged more females to participate in athletics.

Title IX is the first law passed to ban sex discrimination against students and workers of educational institutions. In actuality, Title IX benefits both men and women and the entire purpose of Title IX is to try to produce equality between men and women. Many people think that Title IX harms men and that because women are gaining from Title IX, men are losing some of what they have (Sadker 1). "Under this law, males and females are expected to receive fair and equal treatment in all arenas of public schooling: recruitment, admissions, educational programs and activities, course offerings and access, counseling, financial aid, employment assistance, facilities and housing, health and insurance benefits, marital and parental status, scholarships, sexual harassment, and athletics" (Sadker 1). “Title IX protects students, faculty and staff in federally funded education programs. Title IX applies to all elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities. If schools do not enforce Title IX, schools can lose federal funding by violating and not following the law” (Sadker 1).

Another major importance of Title IX is that women of all ages must be able to exercise in order to stay healthy. Sport participation is so vital for our physical, psychological, and sociological well-being. Title IX has allowed girls of all ages, from elementary school to college, the ability to participate in sports and get the exercise necessary to lead a successful life. There are numerous facts and statistics that prove how much a female's life is better if she is able to participate in sports and play on a team. "A few examples of how a female can lead a better life is that a teenage female athlete is less than half as likely to get pregnant as a female non-athletes (5% and 11%, respectively), and a female athlete is more likely to report that they had never had sexual intercourse than a female non-athlete (54% and 41%, respectively)" (The Women's Sports Foundation Report: Sport and Teen Pregnancy,1). Also, girls who participate in sports tend to have higher confidence and self esteem than girls who do not play any sports and do not spend as much time interacting on a team (Miller Lite Report, 1). One can see that the results show that a girl who starts playing sports at a young age will have a better chance leading a good life, physically and socially, than a girl who has not participated in any sports. All of these statistics prove how vital Title IX is and how it needs to stay put in order for girls to have healthy lifestyles.

Title IX has promoted women’s athletics greatly, and today women’s sports are a huge attraction around the world. Women's college basketball and the WNBA, Women's National Basketball Association, have become so popular today and have really taken off as the biggest attraction for females. Women's college basketball teams like Connecticut and Tennessee, the two perennial powers, have attracted so many fans of all ages and they bring in a great deal of money for their schools. At the University of Tennessee, the women’s college basketball team consistently has more fan attendance than the men’s college basketball team because of its tremendous success. As for the WNBA, there are 13 teams and all are located in large, very populated cities. The WNBA has turned into a highly successful business and each year, ticket sales get higher and higher. The WNBA and women's college basketball have attracted so many young girls to the sport of basketball. Girls are beginning to start playing basketball at an early age due to the popularity of women's college basketball and the WNBA. Altogether, Title IX has hugely advanced women's basketball and allowed young girls, from elementary school to high school, the ability to play the sport and to be on an equal level as the boys.

This chart shows the enormous increase of female participation from the year 1987 to the year 1997. There was a large growth in women’s basketball and soccer while volleyball and softball decreased a bit. The reason for the decrease in volleyball and softball is due to the large increase in basketball, soccer, and other sports which became popular during the 1990s, such as swimming, field hockey, and track and field.


This chart shows the amount of people who attended women’s college basketball games from 1982 to 1998. One can see how there was an enormous increase from 1982 to 1998. There was a 5,460,346 person increase from 1982 to 1998, when talking about fan attendance. Women’s college basketball became so popular during the mid to late 90s, and it is shown here in this chart. A big reason for why attendance increased so much was because the media started to talk and show more of women’s college basketball. Through television, newspapers, and magazines, women’s college basketball attendance and interest greatly increased because it was available, and easy to find. “In 1998, ESPN and ESPN2 televised 52 Division I women's basketball games, including the NCAA tournament. In 1982, the first year women's basketball appeared on ESPN, only five games were televised” (Hawes 1). "The number of women's televised games has increased dramatically. So many conferences now have television packages for their women's basketball" (Hawes 1). Overall, this massive boost in media of women’s college basketball has been awesome for women and the advancement of women’s college basketball.

Title IX has helped women in so many more ways besides just allowing females to participate in more sports. "Before Title IX was passed, at numerous colleges, females could not take certain courses and most medical and law schools limited the number of women admitted to 15 or fewer (Report Card on Gender Equity, National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education). After Title IX was passed, more women graduated from high school, college, law school, medical school, and dental school. An interesting statistic that proves how important Title IX is is that "80% of female managers of Fortune 500 companies have a sports background" (Report Card on Gender Equity, National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education).

After doing a great deal of research, there is no reason why Title IX should ever be scaled back. Title IX has been one of the greatest additions for women in the United States of America. When discussing athletics, Title IX has helped out all women interested in playing sports. Because of Title IX, girls have such a better chance of being successful and leading a great life. The statistics prove that women who play sports and participate on teams generally do better in school then women who are not on sports teams and do not exercise. Overall, Title IX has allowed women to be equal to men when talking about athletics, and it has just been one of the greatest additions to women in the United States of America.

Works Cited
Hawes, Kay, “The NCAA News: News & Features.” [web page] 1998; http://www.ncaa.org/news/1998/19981221/active/3539n03.html [Accessed 2 Feb 2005]

“Report Card on Gender Equity, National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education.” [web page] 2005; http://www.ncwge.org/title9at30-6-11.pdf [Accessed 2 Feb 2005].

Sadker, William, “What is Title IX?” [web page] 2000; http://www.american.edu/sadker/titleix.htm [Accessed 2 Feb 2005]

“Women’s Sports Foundation Body & Mind.” [web page] 2001; http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/cgi-bin/iowa/issues/body/article.html?record=883 [Accessed 2 Feb 2005].




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