“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal assistance.“
- Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Title IX has helped people through the years with equality. The ability of females and males playing together has come a long way. One major part of Title Ix is athletics. All schools are included in Title IX (elementary all the way through colleges and universities. Not only does Title IX protect students, it also protects the faculty that works with the students. If a coach has a female football player, which goes along with Title IX, he or she can not be fired on the grounds of have the female football player. So Title IX works both ways in the system. Not only is the female player protected, but so is the coach for giving females the equal rights that she deserves.
Things included in Title IX are scholarships, participation, coaching, game and practice times, medical and training facilities, publicity, travel per diem allowances, equipment and supplies, locker rooms, practice and competitive facilities, recruitment of student athletes, and tutoring opportunities.
Even though all schools are supposed to comply with Title IX, not all of them do. Schools are supposed to lose federal funding if they don't comply. No school has actually lost federal funding, but many have had to pay substantial damages and attorney fees in cases brought to court.
Title IX has helped with more than just athletics. In 1994, women received 38% of medical degrees, compared with 9% in 1972. In 1994, women earned 43% of law degrees, compared with 7% in 1972. In 1994, 44% of all doctoral degrees to U.S. citizens went to women, up from 25% in 1977. These stats all show that women have had much success in their goal to become more equal to men. They are still not quite as equal, but as time progresses, the sexes will continue to become more equal.
Mike Moyer, executive director of the National Wrestling Coaches Association: "We're prepared to do whatever it takes to eliminate the gender quota. ... There shouldn't be any gender discrimination, period, and there's serious discrimination going on against men." I don't think that Title IX discriminates against men's sports. It is only trying to make everything equal. Women have come a long way to be equal. Back in the past women could not vote, or even hold property. All of that has changed.
“There is a myth circulating that football will die if girls and women are given equal opportunities in sport. The myth continues that football is the proverbial goose that lays the golden egg and if it dies, all remaining men's and women's sports supported by its revenues will also die. It is important to know that football will not die and football is not the golden goose" Donna Lopiano says in her article. Football can have female players and still be the same game. It has happened at many schools. Females start to play football, and the game is still the same. Granted the girls usually play positions that allow them to not come into contact with the other players as much, but they still play the game, and the game has not changed.
There are many reasons that Title IX is good. "Teenage female athletes are less than half as likely to get pregnant as female non-athletes (5% and 11%, respectively), are more likely to report that they had never had sexual intercourse than female non-athletes (54% and 41%, respectively), and are more likely to experience their first sexual intercourse later in adolescence than female non-athletes" (The Women's Sports Foundation Report: Sport and Teen Pregnancy, May 1998). Activities, like sports, give people something to do in to in their free time, which keeps them out of trouble. This is something that many people talk about – after-school activities are a good way for children – especially teenagers – to not do anything that would get them in trouble. Many a dults are in favor of after-school activities, like sports for both sexes, because they know what their kids are doing. “Women who are active in sports and recreational activities as girls feel greater confidence, self-esteem and pride in their physical and social selves than those who were sedentary as kids” (Miller Lite Report, 1985; Melpomene Institute, 1995).. People who are involved in sports tend to be on the healthier side. Being healthy gives girls the confidence that they need in life. People who are involved in sports know that they have the ability to do physical activities, which can give them an edge against people who are not able to do physical activities. These are only a few of the many reasons that Title IX is good for the population.
Title IX is something that is needed right now. People need a nudge to treat everyone the same. How can we, as a nation, start to treat people in other countries equally and fairly if we can not treat everyone in our own nation equally. Until Title IX is not needed, and everyone between the sexes is treated equally, I do not see why people are so against it. If a person was totally against Title IX, and then suddenly found them self in a situation where they were not treated a certain way just because of their sex, he would argue for Title IX.
David Sadker, “What Is Title IX?” [Web Page]; http://www.american.edu/sadker/titleix.htm [Accessed 25 January 2005].
Donna Lopiano, “Equity in Women's Sports-A Health and Fairness Perspective”. http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/partners/girlzone/issues/rights/article.html?record=121 [Accessed 25 January 2005]
http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutRE.html [Accessed 25 January 2005]
“The Chronicles of Higher Education.” http://chronicle.com/free/v48/i41/41a03801.htm
[Accessed 25 January 2005]
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