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Issue 7 Resources

Title IX has had a beneficial/harmful effect on high school and college athletics and should be continued/scaled back.


Please follow these Formatting Guidelines so that others can find the resource AND it will be easier to use these in your final position paper!

When you add a resource, also add a page for evaluations of that resource, and don't forget to take credit for the contribution, like this:

EXAMPLE
Smith, Mike. 2000. “All the Facts,” Facts and Opinion Quarterly 10: 51-68.
This is what the article says, it says lots of things and here is where I give a basic summary of its contents.
CONTRIBUTED BY aliengirl

Evaluations of Smith, Mike

ADD RESOURCES HERE:

Sadker, David. "What Is Title IX" [web page] Last Update August 26, 2004; http://www.american.edu/sadker/titleix.htm

The site concentrates in some frequently asked questions about Title IX and I quote:
"...[I]ntended to improve awareness and to encourage educators, students, administrators, coaches, athletes and community members to advocate for these rights."
CONTRIBUTED BY UncleSam

Evaluations of Sadker, David


Greenhouse, Linda. 2004 "Retaliation at Issue in Discrimination Case"
The New York Times. Late Edition. Section A Column 4; National Desk; Pg 24.
Click for Website
An Specific case of the use of Title IX in a lawsuit comprehending the
dismissed of a coach in Birmingham, AL.
CONTRIBUTED BY UncleSam

Evaluations of Greenhouse, Linda


Thelin, John R. 2000. "Good Sports? Historical Perspective on the Political Economy of Intercollegiate Athletics in the Era of Title IX, 1972-1997." The Journal of Higher Education. Vol 71, No4.
Click for Website

As the title says it is a Historical Background of TITLE IX and all the force of Politics and Economy behind it.
CONTRIBUTED BY UncleSam

Evaluations of Thelin, John R.


"Curtis, Mary Dr. and Grant, Christine Dr. 2004. "Gender Equity in Sports."
This website discusses the importance of having equality in sports and cases that have been brought up in trying to make sure there is equality. The authors are two women doctors who are trying to make sure that equality in sports is found.
http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/
CONTRIBUTED BY Redsox24

Evaluations of Curtis, Mary


"Title IX — General Provisions."
This website is an extremely useful website when discussing the actual Title IX rule. On this website you can find what the rule says and everything about it. The website is a US Department of Education website that focuses on the law for children going through school.
http://www.ed.gov/policy/gen/leg/edpicks.jhtml?src=ln
CONTRIBUTED BY Redsox24

Evaluations of US Department of Education


Newcombe, Judith P. and Clifton F. Conrad. 1981. "A Theory of Mandated Academic Change," The Journal of Higher Education: 555-577.
This article discusses federal mandates and the ways in which they can be implemented. It discusses the stages of developing a mandate through the use of Title IX. It also shows the extensive research and planning that go into making a federal mandate.
This article is located on the GA Tech database JSTOR.
CONTRIBUTED BY TBFrosty44

Evaluations of Newcombe and Conrad


Lopiano, Donna. 2001. "Equity in Women's Sports-A Health and Fairness Perspective," Women's Sports Foundation.
This article describes the significant health benefits resulting from Title IX. It describes the three program requirements of Title IX and uses examples, which are helpful to understanding Title IX. It also includes reasons why Title IX should continue and suggestions for how to get high schools and colleges to comply.
http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/partners/girlzone/issues/rights/article.html?record=121
CONTRIBUTED BY TBFrosty44

Evaluations of Women's Sports Foundation


Donnelly, Kara, Sheila Kilkelly, and Nicky Berman. "TITLE IX: GENDER EQUALITY IN SPORTS."
This article discusses Title IX using a timeline of important events. It also addresses the two opposing issues/viewpoints of Title IX. This source may not be as repuable as others, but the information within it is insightful, so take it for what it is worth.
http://nhs.needham.k12.ma.us/cur/Baker_00/2002_p5/baker%20p5-7_sk_kd_nb_1-02/title_ix2.htm
CONTRIBUTED BY TBFrosty44

Evaluations of Donnelly, Kilkelly, and Berman


Jolie C. Holschen. 2004. "The Female Athlete," Southern Medical Journal 97.9: 852-858.
This article, found through Galileo, describes possible health risks associated with increased competitiveness in women's sports. It does suggest, however, that injury rates among female athletes are decreasing.
http://search.epnet.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=14560077
CONTRIBUTED BY CookeeMo

Evaluations of "The Female Athlete"


Warren A. Whisenant. 2003. "How Women Have Fared as Interscholastic Athletic Administrators Since the Passage of Title IX," Sex Roles 49.3: 179-184.
This article, also found on Galileo, is actually the write-up of a study on women's jobs and opportunities under Title IX. The conclusion is that women have more opportunities to participate in sports, but they still have little chance of coaching or holding sports jobs. The article supports a scale-down of Title IX in favor of more emphasis on women's equality in athletic careers.
http://search.epnet.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&an=10615649
CONTRIBUTED BY CookeeMo

Evaluations of "How Women Have Fared..."


"The Whole Title IX Yards" by Xiaochin Claire Yan
This article shows a situation where a new provision has been added to Title IX and although it displys some bias in the reporting, it portrays the effects Title IX could or may have on men and women sports. http://www.pacificresearch.org/pub/con/2004/con_04-12-09.html
CONTRIBUTED BY FB5945

Evaluations of "The Whole Title IX Yards"


"Gender Equity / Title IX"
This article is taken from the NCAA.org websites and displays the history, provisions, and additions that have been made to Title IX. Also note on the right toolbar, there are several other links including a video. http://www1.ncaa.org/membership/ed_outreach/gender_equity/general_info/facts.html
CONTRIBUTED BY FB5945

Evaluations of "Gender Equity / Title IX"


US Department of Education. 1997. “Title IX: 25 Years of Progress" This site is helpful in following the progress of Title IX over the course of the years that followed when the bill was passed.
http://www.ed.gov/pubs/TitleIX/index.html
CONTRIBUTED BY fishie393

Evaluations of Title IX: 25 Years of Progress


Title IX and Race in Intercollegiate Sport
http://www.womenssportsfoundation.org/cgi-bin/iowa/issues/disc/article.html?record=955
Although this article is from the Women's Sports Foundation and shows bias towards the women, it gives great insight into the effects of Title IX on women.
CONTRIBUTED BY fishie393

Evaluations of "Title IX and Race in Intercollegiate Sport"

US Department of Labor. "Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972."
This website displays the many laws and amendments that have been made in regards to education and Title IX. It does not include any form of commentary and can be used strictly to help inform readers on the issue of Title IX.
http://www.dol.gov/oasam/regs/statutes/titleix.htm
CONTRIBUTED BY lexie801x

Evaluations of Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972


Feminist Majority Foundation. "Title IX Educational Amendments."
This website contains information about the history of Title IX and is focused mainly on the issue of gender equality and fighting for equal rights for females especially in a college atmosphere.
http://www.feminist.org/sports/titleIX.html
CONTRIBUTED BY lexie801x

Evaluations of Title IX Educational Amendments


NCAA. "Gender Equality / Title IX." This website site contains a brief history and important facts about Title IX. The article focuses mainly on the NCAA gender equality.
http://www1.ncaa.org/membership/ed_outreach/gender_equity/general_info/facts.html
CONTRIBUTED BY datboi2sick

Evaluations of Title IX Gender Equality


Women's Equity Resource Center. "Title IX Before & After." This website is from the Women's Equity Resource Center which covers a little history of Title IX. It also describes the before and after effects of Title IX.
http://www2.edc.org/WomensEquity/resource/title9/before.htm
CONTRIBUTED BY datboi2sick

Evaluations of Title IX Before and After


Fishel, Andrew. 1976. "Organizational Positions on Title IX," The Journal of Hight Education: 93-104. The journal talks about the different standings specific people had about Title IX. The journal was obtained from the Ga Tech JSTOR database. Search the database and type in "'Title IX'" and you should see the article.
www.library.gatech.edu
CONTRIBUTED BY datboi2sick

Evaluations of Title IX Organizational Positions


Necessity for stronger enforcement of Title IX. This web page discusses the beleif that Title IX can do more to aid women in athletics as well as the workplace.
www.now.org/issues/title_ix/
CONTRIBUTED BY politicain2b

Evaluations of Title IX Educational Amendments

The success of Title IX over the past twenty-five years. This web page outlines the success of women sports under title nine.
www.edu.gov/pubs/TitleIX/index.html
C0NTRIBUTED BY politician2b

Evaluations of Title IX Status


Hammer, Ben. 2003. "Reconsidering the Status of Title IX." Black Issues in Higher Education. Vol 20 Issue 4. http://chiron.gsu.edu/cgi-bin/homepage.cgi?link=zoer&snyle=&_id=803d472e-1188126985-8300&_cc=1
This article discusses the importance of Title IX for women in college sports. It also addresses the fact that women still do not receive as much funding in athletics as men do.
Contributed by KateSpade85

Evaluations of Gender Equality in Sports

Suggs, Welch. 2003. "Cheers and Condemnation Greet Report on Gender Equity." Chronicles of Higher Education.http://chiron.gsu.edu/cgi-bin/homepage.cgi?link=zoer&style=&_id=803d472e-1188126985-8300&_cc=1
This article debates whether Title IX has reached its full potential. It claims that women are still the underdogs in college athletics and receive the lower end of the deal when it comes to funding.
Contributed by KateSpade85


Erik Brady. 2004. "Colorado scandal could hit home to other colleges." USA Today.
This arcticle discusses issues between Title IX and sexual assualt in various college football programs.
http://www.usatoday.com/sports/college/football/big12/2004-05-26-colorado-cover_x.htm
Contributed by bwolves11

Evaluations of USA Today

"Save Title IX"
This website discusses why participation in sports is important for women and how Title IX is at stake.
http://www.savetitleix.com/
Contributed by bwolves11

Evaluations of Save Title IX


U.S. Department of Labor. "Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972." This website describes Title IX and its effects. It gives an in-depth description of the amendment.
http://www.dol.gov/oasam/regs/statutes/titleix.htm
Contributed by CashMoney

Evaluations of Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972

Thelin, John R. 2000. "Good Sports." The Journal of Higher Education; 391-410. This journal describes the "historical perspective on the political economy of intercollegiate athletics in the era of Title IX." To obtain his article, search for "Title IX" in the JSTOR database of the Georgia Tech library website.
www.library.gatech.edu
Contributed by CashMoney

Evaluations of "Good Sports?"


Web: David Sadker. "What is Title IX?"
This website is essentially a comprehensive description of Title IX's meaning and implications in question-and-answer format. http://www.american.edu/sadker/titleix.htm
CONTRIBUTED by lightfoot

Evaluations of "What is Title IX?"

Web: Shelia L. Jackson, Ph.D. "Thirty Years of Title IX"
This website addresses the extent to which Title IX is an efficient and effective measure in serving its original purpose.
http://www.sports-media.org/sportapolisnewsletter15.htm
CONTRIBUTED by lightfoot

Evaluations of "Thirty Years of Title IX"


Web: The NETWORK, Inc. "BEYOND TITLE IX: GENDER EQUITY ISSUES IN SCHOOLS"
This website explains what Title IX is in easy language. It continues with reasons as to why Title IX is beneficial, for example, the risk of girls dropping out of school lowers because of Title IX.
http://www.maec.org/beyond.html
CONTRIBUTED by dancingdiva

Evaluations of "BEYOND TITLE IX: GENDER EQUITY ISSUES IN SCHOOLS"


Brady, Martha. 1998. "Laying the Foundation for Girls' Healthy Futures: Can Sports Play a Role?" Studies in Family Planning:79-82.
This commentary discusses girls' perception of their bodies and how sports benefit them.
CONTRIBUTED by dancingdiva

Evaluations of Brady, Martha


Jean Lopez, Kathryn. 2003. "College Sports Sellouts".
This article comments on the reason for having Title IX if we don't abide by it.
CONTRIBUTED by NewEngland's First Draft


womenssportsfoundation.org. "What is Title IX"
This website explains Title IX and the reason for this law.
CONTRIBUTED by NewEngland's First Draft


United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. “Title IX : building on 30 years of progress…” United States. Congress. Senate S. hrg ;107-542. June 27, 2002.
Discussed the increased participation and funding for Women’s sports in high schools and colleges since 1972, to 2002. In addition this article discussed how schools have made room for title IX.
CONTRIBUTED by snasnuska18

Evaluations of United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions


U.S. Department of Education, Secretary’s Commission for Opportunity in Athletics, Open to All: Title IX at Thirty, Washington, D.C., 20202. February 28, 2003.
Talks about ways to enforce Title IX and gives a few recommendations, such as: commitment, clarity, fairness and enforcement. In addition the article discusses how title IX has influenced the opportunities of girls and women to participate in athletics today.
CONTRIBUTED by snasnuska18

Evaluations of U.S. Department of Education, Secretary’s Commission for Opportunity in Athletics

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities. Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training, and Life-long Learning., 1995, Hearing on Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 : hearing before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training, and Life-long Learning of the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, hearing held in Washington, DC, May 9, 1995., Washington : U.S. G.P.O
A Court case
contributed by wh0muffin

evaluations of United States. Congress. House. Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities

Porto, Brian L., 2003., A new season : using Title IX to reform college sports. Westport, Conn. : Praeger.
Talks about title nine and sports today.
contributed by wh0muffin

evaluations of Brian L. Porto


Bondurant, Bill, Brian H Kleiner. Equal Opportunities International. Patrington: 2003. Vol. 22, Iss. 6/7; p. 24
New Developments Concerning Title IX
http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=707201631&sid=3&Fmt=4&clientId=30287&RQT=309&VName=PQD
Briefly explains title IX and discusses recent events and court cases involving title IX
CONTRIBUTED BY sobek18

Carlson, Carole. Controversy over Title IX still around.
http://www.post-trib.com/title9/030302c.html
Explains some different viewpoints on title IX, both supporting it and attacking it
CONTRIBUTED BY sobek18


Gender Equity/Title IX. Important Facts
http://www1.ncaa.org/membership/ed_outreach/gender_equity/index.html
This website provides some key information about Title IX, itself. It gives specific information on how it is enforced, when it was enacted and other useful events pertaining to its history.
CONTRIBUTED BY hiwarejGT

Brand, Myles. Title IX Seminar Keynote Address. April 28, 2003.
http://www1.ncaa.org/membership/ed_outreach/gender_equity/index.html
This is a speech given by Myles Brand, NCAA president, about Title IX and its impact on sports, thus far. He talks about how Title IX has been apositive influence on sports and continues to aid women's sports, everywhere. He uses the accounts of female athletes who have been directly affected by Title IX and have been given opportunities that would not have been availible to them, otherwise.
CONTRIBUTED BY hiwarejGT

The Chronicle of Higher Education. "Gender Equity In College Sports." [web page]2004;
http://chronicle.com/stats/genderequity/
This is a site that has links to the sites of colleges nationwide where data about gender equity in college athletics can be found.
CONTRIBUTED BY gtballboy30

evaluations of The Chronicle of Higher Education

NCWGE. "Save Title IX." [web page]2003;
http://www.savetitleix.com/
This is a pro-title IX web site that has articles promoting it along with some background information
CONTRIBUTED BY gtballboy30

evaluations of NCWGE

Dr. Mary Curtis and Dr. Christine H.B. Grant. "About Title IX." [webpage]2003;
http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutRE.html
This site has plenty of background information about Title IX along with links to pages with news and history on it.
CONTRIBUTED BY gtballboy30

evaluations of Dr. Mary Curtis and Dr. Christine H.B. Grant

SpaceProjects.com. "Wrestling with Title IX." [web page]2004;
http://www.spaceprojects.com/TitleIX/
This site focuses on college and high school wrestling and how they have come along with Title IX. It has links to several articles about the topic along with more interesting links to other news on it.
CONTRIBUTED BY gtballboy30

evaluations of SpaceProjects.com


National Women's Law Center, "Athletics." 2000. http://www.nwlc.org/display.cfm?section=athletics [accessed 24 January 2005]
This site is helpful because it gives a lot of background about the actual law itself and many links pertaining to background information and cases. It also has a special section about the law after thirty years.
CONTRIBUTED by Golf2627

evaluations of National Women's Law Center

National Public Radio, "Title 9 and College Sports." March 3, 1999. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1046338 [accessed 24 January 2005]
This site provides a recording of a radio report from 1999 about Title IX. The report discusses the initial guidelines of the law. There is an interview in the report with someone effected directly by title IX.
CONTRIBUTED by golf2627

evaluations of Title 9 and College Sports


U.S. Department of Labor
http://www.dol.gob/oasam/regs/statutes/titleix.htm (accessed january 25, 2005)
This sites talks about discrimination standards that title ix has and it also has the rules that apply with the issue.
CONTRIBUTED BY toejam

ABOUT TITLE lX
http://bailiwick.lib.viowa.edu/ge/aboutRE.html(accessed january 25, 2005)
This site states what title ix actual says amd represents. I t also about intercollegiate althelics and about fincial distributions.
CONTRIBUTED BY toejam


Yan, Xiaochin Claire. 2004. "The Whole Title IX Yards" The Contrarian, Vol 8., No. 15
Website here
This article describes what exactly Title IX has done to local girls and boys activities and college teams around the nation. It also discusses briefly the expansion of Title IX in California to include local parks and recreation districts.
CONTRIBUTED BY Cy

Evaluations of Yan, Xiaochin

Epstein, Marcus. "Title IX"
Website here
On this site Marcus talks of the negative effects Title IX has on the male athletic teams around the nation. Some background information on Title IX is also provided.
CONTRIBUTED BY Cy

Evaluations of Epstein, Marcus

Pennington, Bill. "Off the Sidelines" New York Times Upfront. New York: Sep 20, 2004.Vol.137, Iss. 2; pg. 25, 1 pgs
In this article, Bill Pennington, a sports write for the New York Times talks about how Maryland went as far as defining its cheerleading team as a varsity sport and now gives out scholarships to its members. This was done to meet the qualifications of Title IX.
CONTRIBUTED BY Cy

Evaluations of Pennington, Bill


Web: "NCPA Idea house" [web page] 2002; http://www.ncpa.org/iss/edu/ [Accessed January 2005].
Contributed by radja34

Web: "About title IX" [web page] 2002; http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/aboutRE.html [Accessed January 2005].
Contributed by radja34


"Title IX: 25 Years of Progress"
This website is very useful in discussing the impact Title IX has has on collegiate sports, because it contains many statistics about how much improvement there has been since the installment of Title IX. Also the information is provided by the Department of Education so the information is reliable. http://www.ed.gov/pubs/TitleIX/index.html
Contributed by pimptastic


"Gender Equity in Sports"
This website is useful in discussing Title IX. It has a nice timeline of the major events in Title IX history from its installment in 1972 until 1996. Also the website summarizes related Acts from the House and Senate as well as some Title IX hearings.
http://bailiwick.lib.uiowa.edu/ge/GEREDESIGN.html
Contributed by pimptastic


"Title IX at 30"
This website contains well designed/easy to read statistics which deal with the effectiveness (namely participation gape between men and women, the gap in funding, and schools which comply with Title IX rules) of Title IX over a span of years.
http://chronicle.com/free/v48/i41/41a03801.htm
Contributed by pimptastic


"A LOOK AT TITLE IX AND WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN SPORT" Miller, Jessica L., Heinrich, Myra D., Baker, Robin, Physical Educator, 00318981, Late Winter2000, Vol. 57, Issue 1
This article contains more statistics which demonstrate how much growth has been attained in female sports since the adoption of title ix. Also it contains a study which discussed whether the sport oppertunities a college offered matched the interests of the women students.
Contributed by pimptastic


"what to do about title ix" by Zimbalist, Andrew Gender Issues; Spring2003, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p55, 5p
This article states that title ix is not to blame for all of the cutbacks in men's sports, the main argument title ix opponents possess. The article also suggest other options colleges can take to still comply with title ix standards while funding more men's sports
Contributed by pimptastic


Mary Curtis and Christine Grant, "About Title iX", web page;
Click for website [accessed 25 Jan 2005]
This website gives a background of Title IX and explains what it does. It describes its history and also gives a link to present news stories regarding lawsuits and other occurences of title IX. It is very information based and doesn't really take a position on the issue.
CONTRIBUTED BY Scopost715

Steve Wilstein, "Analysis: Women's sports need Title IX", web page; Click for Website [accessed 25 Jan 2005]
This article explains how title IX has increased the popularity and enrollment in women's sports. Quote: "At a time when women's sports could use all the help they can get, the last thing they need is a weakening of the 31-year-old gender equity law that has enabled them to flourish in high schools and colleges and has propelled their growth in the Olympics and pros."
CONTRIBUTED BY Scopost715


National Center for Public Policy Analysis,"Men's Sports Jeopardized by Title 9", web page; http://www.ncpa.org/pi/edu/pd080999b.html
This website presents a view on the affects of Title 9 on men's sports and the affects of collegiate sports as a whole due to the restrictions of Title 9.
contributed by netwt32oz3


Petition Spot,"Save Title 9", web page; http://www.petitionspot.com/petitions/females
I thought it was important to get opinions from both ends of the spectrum so this is a petition to save the old Title 9. This petition is in response to President Bush's administrations thoughts about revisions of title 9. whats interesting about this site are the signatures and thoughts of the people signing the petition created by Tomi S.
Contributed by netwt32oz3


WEB: Nonprofit decision making and social regulation: the intended and unintended consequences of Title IX • Link to this ARTICLE
Pages 359-376
Kathleen A. Carroll and Brad R. Humphreys
This article deals with the responses of universities to title ix and offers mathmatical reasons to show why the universities responded the way they did.

WEB: A Comment on the Report of the Commission to Review Title IX Enforcement in Athletics. • Link to this ARTICLE
Pages 81-86

This article focuses on the enforcement of title ix. Its main argument is athletic opportunities based on the gender ratio of the student body is not good, although title ix itself is.

Evalutations
CoNtRIbUteD BY Nara_sumaS



Analysis on "Beyond Title IX"
This article was very informative about the Title IX law and I believe will help us complete us papers in the end.
CONTRIBUTED BY NewEngland's First Draft

Analysis on "Seperating the Men from the Girls"
I am not very sure if this article reveals a lot of info Title IX but a good story either way.
CONTRIBUTED BY NewEngland's First Draft



Tom Fakeheny,"Title IX: Have you heard?", web page;
http://home.earthlink.net/~tfakehany/9.html
This website discusses the equality that is brought by title ix.
Contributed by tennisgurl

"Women and Interest Group Politics: A Comparative Analysis of Federal Decision-Making (in Articles; Symposium on Women and Politics)" Joyce Gelb; Marian Lief Palley
The Journal of Politics, Vol. 41, No. 2. (May, 1979), pp. 362-392. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-3816%28197905%2941%3A2%3C362%3AWAIGPA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-U
This website describes what the women's movement has brought, including title ix.
Contributed by tennisgurl

Good Sports? Historical Perspective on the Political Economy of Intercollegiate Athletics in the Era of Title IX, 1972-1997(JSTOR DATABASE) A ruling that changed women's collegite sports forever.
CONTRIBUTED BY NewEngland

U.S. Department of Education,"Title IX: 25 Years of Progress", web page; http://www.ed.gov/pubs/TitleIX/index.html
This website presents a paper written by the U.S. Department of Education in June 1997. It shows how Title IX has affected the community in the last 25 years, and how it will continue to affect us in the years to come.
Contributed by polantigua


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