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Issue 3 Resources

The US should create a uniform national system for elections to national office, including voter qualifications and registration, the operation of polling places, and the machinery of voting (electronic, paper ballot, etc.).

Please follow these Formatting Guidelines so that others can find the resource AND it will be easier to use these in your final position paper!

When you add a resource, also add a page for evaluations of that resource, and don't forget to take credit for the contribution, like this:

Smith, Mike. 2000. “All the Facts,” Facts and Opinion Quarterly 10: 51-68.
This is what the article says, it says lots of things and here is where I give a basic summary of its contents.

Evaluations of Smith, Mike

Seligson, Dan. Dec 2004/Jan 2005. "After Election Voting Issues Remain Unsettled," Campaigns and Elections 25.10: 75
This article discusses the different voting methods used in the 2004 presidential election. Researchers were sent to Ohio, Florida, Pennsylvania, and Missouri to observe the voting procedures in those states. The results are listed in this article.

Evaluations of Seligson

Miller, Clark A. Jun 2001. "Making Democracy Count," Social Studies of Science (Sage) 31.3: 454-458
This artilcle analyzes the disadvantages of a nonuniformed system of voting in the US. The author stresses the importance of uniformity and discusses voting reform. The 2000 Florida fiasco is a basis for many of his arguments.

Evaluations of Miller, Clark A.

Rakove, Jack N., Spring 2004. "Presidential Selection: Electoral Falacies" Political Science Quarterly, Volume 119, No. 1
Goes into how the electoral college may help keep us from being too democratic and different positions on the E.C.

Evaluations of Rakove, Jack N.
This article analyzes some of the reasons why we should go to a uniform system of voting. It also speaks briefly about the voting scandal in Florida.
CONTRIBUTED BY headsortails

Evaluations of

National Commission on Federal Election Reform. 2002. To assure pride and confidence in the electoral process. Washington, D.C. : Brookings Institution Press
This book discusses ways to reform the voting system, including an accurate list of qualified voters, the federal election system, and the federal government's role.

Fischer, Eric A., "Voting Technologies in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress" [web page] 21 Mar 2001 [accessed 24 Jan 2005]
This website talks about current voting techniques and standardization of voting by the federal government.

IGS Libary. "Electonic Voting - Overview and Issues." [web page] December 2004. [Accessed 24 January 2005].
This page looks into electronic voting and focuses on some issues and problems in past elections and what is being used in California. It has many helpful and informative links as well.

Evaluations of IGS Library

Electronic Voting Links [webpage]
This page has various links to many of the issues that one would discuss when talking about a uniform national system for voting. It discusses the history, human factors, internet voting, and even gives the websites of some state officials.

Jackson Jr., Jesse. "Our Voting System Needs A New Constitutional Foundation." [web page] 6 January 2005.[Accessed 24 January 2005].
This is an article of the speech that Jesse Jackson made during the challenge of the Ohio election. In it he speaks of the problems that have arisen lately with voting and regularity.

Evaluations of Jesse Jackson Jr.

New York Times Editorial Staff. "What Congress Should Do." [web page] 24 October 2004. . [Accessed 24 January 2005].
This editorial discusses problems and inconsistancies between states in voting methods and sugests making several reforms and creating a uniform national system for elections.

Evaluation of "What Congress Should Do"

Shocket, Peter A., Neil R. Heighberger, and Clyde Brown. 1992. "The Effect of Voting Technology on Voting Behavior in a Simulated Multi-Canidate City Council Election: A Political Experiment on Ballot Tranparency." The Western Political Quarterly: 521-537.
This article looks at three different voting systems, Electronic, punch card, and paper, and their effectiveness in reflecting the true vote of the people. It also discusses the need for transparent ballots and how effective each method is in acheiving this. This article can be found on JSTOR through the library's website.

Evaluation of Shocket, Peter A.

Kassop, Nancy. 2002. “The 2000 Presidential Election and its Aftermath,” Rhetoric & Public Affairs 5.4: 741-758.
This source includes information on making a uniform closing time for the presidential elections. It also references Article II of the U.S. Constitution which talks about the rights of states with regards to them appointing a number of electors. (can be found on Project Muse database)
CONTRIBUTED BY ti89titanium

Evaluations of Kassop, Nancy

Kuttner, Robert. "Two Bad Calls: The Faulty Ballots, The Bumbling Process." [webpage] Nov 20, 2000. The American Prospect Online. [Accessed 24 January 2005].
This source provides an opinion in favor of uniform balloting standards. Kuttner proposes having a national commission to oversee this.

CONTRIBUTED BY ti89titanium

Evaluations of Kuttner, Robert

Murray, Mark. Dec 2 2000. “Federal Help on the Way.” National Journal 32: 49 3722.
This source looks at adopting uniform ballots for national elections. It talks about the 21st Century Electoral Reform Act as well as how states do not want Congress to take over the election process. (can be found on the ProQuest database)

CONTRIBUTED BY ti89titanium

Evaluations of Murray, Mark

Solop, Frederick. 2001. “Digital Democracy Comes of Age: Internet Voting and the 2000 Arizona Democratic Primary Election,” PS: Political Science and Politics Vol. 34 No. 2: pp. 289-293.
This article basically gives an alternative view towards the prospect of internet voting. Possible impacts are questioned, and generally chronicles the 2000 Arizona Democratic Primary election process and the effects that internet voting had on the election process as a whole.
CONTRIBUTED BY spidey32586

Evaluations of Solop, Frederick

Oliver, J. Eric. 1996. “The Effects of Eligibility Restrictions and Party Activity on Absentee Voting and Overall Turnout,” American Journal of Political Science Vol. 40 No. 2: pp. 498-513.
In this article, Oliver analyzes the effects of restrictive state laws that result in varying numbers of absentee ballots. Oliver discusses the connection that exists between the restrictive laws of states, the overall turnout of voters and numbers of absentee ballots, and American electoral politics in general.
CONTRIBUTED BY spidey32586

Evaluations of Oliver, J. Eric

Richard Soudriette. 2001. "Promoting Democracy at Home." Journal of Democracy 12.2: 133-138.
This article specifically cites the 2000 Presidential Election as the reason for the need of election reform. In his article, Soudriette identifies ways to make elections more efficient.

Evaluations of Richard Soudriette

Richard G. Smolka. 2001. "Recommendations for Reform." Journal of Democracy 12.2: 146-151.
Smolka is confident in the time-tested voting system of the United States, but suggests a few minor changes to make improvements in the election process. The enumerated suggestions include "clarifying and simplifying the ballot" and keeping an accurate list of registered voters.

Evaluations of Richard G. Smolka

Wikipedia. "Vote". [webpage][Accessed January 24, 2005]
An open-source article about various voting processes and remarks about certain methods and theorems. A resource of resources, as it were.

Evaluations of Wikipedia

Mercuri, Rebecca, Ph. D. "Electrionic Voting" [webpage] [Accessed January 25, 2005]
An evaluation of several notable and potential methods for uniform vote tabulation.

Evaluations of Mercuri, Rebecca, Ph.D

Calio, Frank B. "Voting Machines are Reliable." [webpage] December 26, 2003. [Accessed January 25, 2005]
This article describes the voting systems in Deleware and the success their system has had.

Evaluations of Frank B. Calio

United States. General Accounting Office. "Elections: status and use of federal voting equipment standards." Gov. Documents Collection: GAO-02-52. Can also be found online at
This report describes federal voting standards as well as the current methods used in elections. The report contains quite a bit of information about voting systems used in the Presidential election.

Evaluations of the United States General Accounting Office

Prosise, Theodore O. and Craig R. Smith. "The Supreme Court's Ruling in Bush v. Gore: A Rhetoric of Inconsistency." Rhetoric & Public Affairs 4.4 (2001) 605-632.
This article discusses the presidential election in 2000 and the problems that arose from it. It addresses the problems in the voting system as well.

Evalutaions of Theodore O. Prosise and Craig R. Smith

New York Times Editorial Board. "What Congress Should Do" [webpage]October 24, 2002. Accessed January 27, 2005
This article discusses the differences between states in voting laws and guidlines. It presents recomended courses of action.

Mike Langberg. "Opponents of change a threat to electronic voting" [webpage] Febuary 13, 2004. Accessed January 27, 2005
This artile discusses the arguments against electronic voting. It is partly a narative but but it does present arguments in an organized manner

Evaluations of Iraq elections

Shelb, David. CNN. "Iraqis Defy Terrorist Threats To Cast Their Votes"[webpage] January 31, 2005. Accessed February 1, 2005.
This article discusses the voting in iraq, it shows the opinions of the iraqis who were willing to risk death to vote. also discusses what they had been through in previous elections. The differences that were created. Gives info. about organization of elections.

Wattenberg, Martin P. Presidential Studies Quarterly. "Elections: Was the 2000 Presidential Election Fair?...February 1, 2005
To access the article go to the link above and then click on Dec 2003; Vol.33, Iss.4. Then the article is linked about halfway down the page.
This article is about public ipinion regarding the fairness of presidential elections in the United States. It goes in depth about opinion in florida.

Congressional Digest. "Election Systems Reform." Oct2004, Vol. 83 Issue 8, p229, 2p
This article explains the issues behind election reform and explains the powers of the Help America Vote Act.

Evaluations of Voting Systems
Neumann, Peter G. “The Problems and Potentials of Voting Systems.” Communications of the ACM. Oct 2004, Vol. 47 Issue 10, p28-30.
Role of Technology today. Many pros and cons. discusses the controversy of e-voting.

Evaluations of Congressional Digest "Election Reform Briefing: Roads to Reform: Planning for the Help America Vote Act." September 2003.
This document covers the individual states plans to reform their election systems and to bring the country up to a more uniform standard of elections.

Evaluations of

Manjoo, Farhad. “Third World democracy.”, November 18, 2004.
This article explores some of the issues presented in the 2004 presidential election.

Evaluations of Manjoo, Farhad

Kaplan, Anna. “Follow the Nonexistent Paper Trail.” Humanist. Jan/Feb 2005. Vol. 65 Issue 1. p7-9.
This article discusses one of the major problems of electronic voting(the fact that there is no back up paper trail for the machines). It's pretty thorough.

Evaluation of Kaplan, Anna

Loncke, Mieke and Dumortier, Jos. "Online Voting: A Legal Perspective." International Review of Law, Computers & Technology. Mar2004, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p0, 21.*
This article outlines how online voting should be and problems with it. It also gives examples of other countries' voting systems.

Evaluations of Loncke, Mieke and Dumortier, Jos

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