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Issue 2 Resources

Financial aid at Georgia Tech should be primarily merit-based rather than need-based.

Please follow these Formatting Guidelines so that others can find the resource AND it will be easier to use these in your final position paper!

When you add a resource, also add a page for evaluations of that resource, and don't forget to take credit for the contribution, like this:

Smith, Mike. 2000. “All the Facts,” Facts and Opinion Quarterly 10: 51-68.
This is what the article says, it says lots of things and here is where I give a basic summary of its contents.

Evaluations of Smith, Mike


"FINANCIAL AID." IRP -- Common Data Set 2003-2004: H. Georgia Institute of Technology: Institutional Research and Planning. 23 Jan. 2005
This is just figures of the amount of financial aid distributed last school year here at Tech. It compares the need and non-need based aid.
CONTRIBUTED BY hmoob_ladie

Evaluations of Miyasaka, Yuki

"FIRST TIME, FIRST YEAR (FRESHMAN) ADMISSION." IRP -- Common Data Set 2003-2004: C. Georgia Institute of Technology: Institutional Research and Planning. 23 Jan. 2005
This is just facts of last years incoming freshmen class (average gpa, SAT, ACT, etc.) here at Tech.
CONTRIBUTED BY hmoob_ladie

"Questioning the merit of merit scholarships." The Chronicle of Higher Education. Washington: Jan 19, 2001. Vol. 47, Iss. 19; pg. A20.
This site discusses the HOPE scholarship in Georgia and how it has overshadows need-based aid.
CONTRIBUTED BY hmoob_ladie

Evaluations of "Questioning the merit of merit scholarships"

Dynarski, Susan M., "The Consequences of Merit Aid" (November 2002). KSG Working Papers No. RWP02-051.
This paper examines how merit-based scholarships affect students and institutional decisions. The affects differ with race. Programs, such as HOPE, have inspired a significant increase in college attendence, impacting certain ethnicities more than others.

Evaluations of Dynarski, Susan

Netz, Janet S., "Non-Profits and Price-Fixing: The Case of the Ivy League" (February 1998).
Netz supports Dynarski's view of the positive affects of need-based financial aid on student enrollment and college completeion. She focuses specifically on the Pell Grant, which lowers the probability that a student will drop-out of college.

Evaluations of Netz, Janet

Gregory A. Jackson, "Financial Aid and Student Enrollment," The Journal of Higher Education, Vol.49, No.6. (Nov.-Dec.,1978),pp.548-574
This article examines how financial aid affects on the number of enrollment such as comparison between prospective students with aid and ones without aid. You may need to login GT Library, then you will have acceccs to JSTOR which is the databese of Journals.

Aaron S, Edlin, "Is College Financial Aid Equitqble and Efficient?," The Hournal of Economic Perspectives, Vol.7, No.2. (spring, 1993),pp 143-158
This article examines whether need-based financial aid are equitably and efficiently supplied to needy students.You may need to login GT Library, then you will have acceccs to JSTOR which is the databese of Journals.

Dolloff, J. Holly, "Merit vs. Need" Nashville Business Journal (August 6, 2004).
This article talks about how the merit-based finacial aid plan may hurt the students who need finacial aid the most.

Evaluations of Dolloff, J. Holly

McPherson, Micheal S., and Schapiro, Morton Owen, "The blurring line: Between merit and need in financial aid" Change. New Rochelle: Mar/Apr 2002. Vol. 34, Iss. 2; pg. 38, 9 pgs.
This article adresses the fact that recently merit-based scholarships have become very popular, and therefore getting into college has become competative. Due to that, pricing of college has risen, and thus affected a family's ability to pay for college.

Evaluations of McPherson, Micheal S., and Schapiro, Morton Owen

St.John, Edward P., The Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 69, No. 5 (Sep., 1998), pp. 577-582.
This webpage is a review of The Student Aid Game:Meeting Need and Rewarding Talent in American Higher Education, by Micheal J. McPherson and Morton Owen Schapiro.

Evaluations of St. John, Edward P.
This is the link for the 2003 Georgia Tech Fact Book. Pages 9 through 12 of the pdf provide tables depicting finacial aid when broken down as GT awarded aid, outside awards, President's Scholarships, HOPE Scholarships, National Merit and Achieved Scholarships, or graduate financial assistance.
This webpage literally lays out Ga Tech's financial aid programs one by one.
This article analyses financial aid and financial need as both juxtaposing elements of the financial system, along with the pair as co-requisites and their effects upon the college students.

Evaluations of "financial aid and financial need "
This is the FAFSA website. This organization is a huge factor in the distribution of all forms of financial-aid.
Evaluations of
Thsi website defines the broad outlines of how financial-aid is distributed at Georgia Tech.
Evaluations of


Roche, George. "Hillsdale College vs. The Federal Bureaucrats-Again." Imprimis. December, 1992.
Discusses the negatives effects of government on financial aid while promoting Hillsdale as a nonconforming college.
Contributed by: DEEZ913

"Framework for Discussion on Affordibility."
This site does not provide too many facts, but rather poses valuable questions that one would ask when looking at the issue of need-based versus merit-based financial aid.
Contributed by: DEEZ913

"The Growing Divide: Making the Case for All to Succeed."
This site discusses the disadvantage of lower income persons in today's society due to the difficulty of getting a postsecondary education.
Contributed by DEEZ913

Evaluations of sites by DEEZ913

DEEZ913 Rough Draft Paper

Lange, Scott. 1998. “Few merit-Bases Scholarships Available,” Close Up 1-3.
This article describes the difficulty for intelligent students to receive any financial aid. Most of the scholarships Tech awards are need based and are targeted at very specific groups of students. The President’s Scholarship is a very prestigious scholarship; however, it is only given to applying high school students.
CONTRIBUTED BY whiteviolet

Trapold, Julia. 2000. “A Plethora of Odd-Ball Grants Available to Us,” Technique.
This article makes clear that the Office of Financial Aid delegates the scholarships equally among the classes. Though many students complain they were not eligible to receive a scholarship when coming into Tech, they can reapply any year. The Office of Financial Aid tries to help those in need of scholarships first in order to keep those students in school. There is a very interesting quote in this article said by the Director of Student Financial Aid Planning concerning how they determine who receives scholarships.
CONTRIBUTED BY whiteviolet
This website gives exact percentages and statistics. It breaks it up into almost every possible way of looking at the statistics. It also includes how much tuition and other important information are for the 2004 school year.
CONTRIBUTED BY whiteviolet
Evaluations of

Schmidt, Peter. 2000. "States Criticized for Emphasis on Merit Scholarships," Chronicle of Higher Education 46.
This article addresses the issue of the HOPE Scholarship which is Merit based, but it is intended for people who otherwise would not be able to afford college. It also talks about that the students that are eligible for merit based scholarships are the students who are middle to upper class and can afford to go to college.
CONTRIBUTED BY whiteviolet

Burd, Stephen. 2001. “Lack of Need-Based Financial Aid Still Impedes Access to College for Low-Income Students, Report Finds,” Chronicle of Higher Education 47: 25.
This article talks about Financial Aid on a national level. It also explains what President Bush can do to assist lower income families because many students still cannot afford college after receiving loans and grants.

CONTRIBUTED BY whiteviolet
CONTRIBUTED BY whiteviolet

Donald L. Thistlethwaite. 1959. "Merit Scholarships and the Higher Education of Gifted Students: the Effects of Financial Aid on Talented Youth," The Journal of Higher Education 30, 6: 295-304


Evaluations of Donald L. Thistlethwaite

No Author. 2000. "Merit-Based Financial Aid Is Eroding the Opportunities of College-Bound Blacks," The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education 28: 29-30.


Evaluations of Mysterious Writer

Grossman, Herschel I. 1996. "The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education" No. 25., pp. 104-106
This site discusses the decline in federal and its effects on the middle-class. The decline of funding used towards need-based scholarships is surfaced and viewed as negative towards promoting education. The benefits received by hard-working students are not mentioned with the increase in merit-based scholarships.

Evaluations of Journal of Herschel Grossman

Jackson, Gregory A. 1978. "Journal of Higher Education" No.49, Volume 6, pp. 531-662
Jackson conveys the history of financial aid to reward academic achievement and enable needy-students to attend college. He discusses the recent use of financial aid to buy students for the university to keep up in the competition of other colleges.

Evaluations of Gregory A. Jackson

Edlin, Aaron S. 1993. "Is College Financial Aid Equitable and Efficient?" Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 143-158.
This article discusses financial aid and savings. Families that save money will receive less financial aid from the government due to financial status. This will effect decisions made within the household in order to receive the most funding for college.

Evaluation of Aaron Edlin

Dubois, Philip S. "Need-based Scholarship Plan Would Work Better for Wyoming".
The president of the University of Wyoming explains why he thinks need-based financial aid would be best for his school.


Evaluations of Philip S. Dubois

Soto, Nelson E. and Lopez, Gerado. "Critical Race Theory: The Fairness of Georgia Student Financial Aid Allocation". Indiana University-Bloomington.
This is a proposal for a paper, but it contains a brief history of financial aid in this country and the shift from need-based to merit based forms. Requires Adobe Acrobat to view.


Evaluations of Soto, Nelson E. and Lopez, Gerado

"The Sharp Decline in Need-Based Financial Aid for American College Students"
The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, No. 25. (Autumn, 1999), pp. 82-83.
Stable URL:

Evaluation of Miyasaka, Yuki

You may have to go through to get into JSTOR because it is a password protected database.
This article is a collection of statistics on the decrease of need-based financial aid since 1986 and it's negative affects on American students, especially poor African American students.


The school that I transfered from ( Montgomery College, MD) did a survey as follow. They created a need-based scholarship and a merit based scholarship both were for $1000 and started at the same time. A few years later, they figured that 47% of the students with the need-based graduated and 87% of the students with the merit-based graduated.

"The New Bidding War for High Scoring Students Causes Selective Colleges to Be Less Diverse."
The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education > No.30(Winter, 2000),pp. 15-16
This article discusses how the black students being enrolled at elite private colleges are only from
well-off families because of the abolition of need-based financical aid. It says only students
with both high SAT scores and well-off parents qualify to get into these universities. African Americans
from the rural South and from low income families in the inner city are left out.


Evaluation of "The New Bidding War for High Scoring Students Causes Selective Colleges to Be Less Diverse."

"Princeton's Stunning Increase in Financial Aid: What About African Americans?"
The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education > No.31(Spring, 2001),pp. 19-21
This articles discusses how the changing of financial aid to scholarship grants in Princeton
University has helped students from low-income families. Thus it correlates to the fact that
need-based financial aid helps students more than merit-based financial aid.


Evaluation of "Princeton's Stunning Increase in Financial Aid: What About African Americans?"

Social Class and College Costs: Examining the Financial Nexus between College Choice and Persistence
Michael B. Paulsen; Edward P. St. John
The Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 73, No. 2. (Mar. - Apr., 2002), pp. 189-236. This study examined how students' enrollment responses to college costs–in both college choice and persistence decisions–vary by social class. Findings revealed substantial class-based patterns of enrollment behavior in response to prematriculation perceptions of college costs and actual postmatriculation costs, consistently restricting postsecondary opportunities for lower-income relative to higher-income students.
Contributed By: Fastmax
Evaluations of Paulsen, Michael

How Undergraduate Loan Debt Affects Application and Enrollment in Graduate or First Professional School
Catherine M. Millett
The Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 74, No. 4. (Jul. - Aug., 2003), pp. 386-427.
This study uses the Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study 1993/94 of the National Center for Education Statistics to examine the relationship that student background characteristics, collegiate performance, and financial indebtedness have with the decisions of recent bachelor's degree recipients to apply to and enroll in a graduate or first professional school.
Contributed By: Fastmax
Evaluations of Millett, Catherine this website summarizes the type and amount of tuition grnated for need based and non-need based scholarships and grants.
Contributed By: Fastmax
Evaluations of

Bishop, John H. 2004. “Money and Motivation” Education Next Vol. 4: p62-67
Contributed By:Fastmax

Edlin, Aaron S. 1993. “Is College Financial Aid Equitable and Efficient,” The Journal of Economic Perspectivs Vol. 7: p143-158.
Contributed By: Fastmax

McPherson, Michael S.; Shapiro, Morton Owen. 2002. “The Blurring Line between Merit and Need Financial Aid.” Change Vol. 34: p38-46
Contributed By:Fastmax
This is a summary of the need-based program in the US and how it is deteriorating.

Talks about the overlapping between need and merit based aids. Explains the Ivy schools financial aid program.
evaluation by sumner

Edward P. St. John, Glenda D. Musoba and Ada B. Simmons. 2002. "Keeping the Promise: The Impact of Indiana's Twenty-first Century Scholars Program," Review of Higher Education v027/27.
This source analyzes data from an extensive study in Indiana on the impacts of implementing a largely need-based scholarship program. Overall, need-based scholarships are supported by this argument.

NOTE: This article can be viewed using Georgia Tech's access to the Project Muse database from the library's website.

Evaluations of "Keeping the Promise"

Barrett Seaman, "How Much for That Student?" 2001;,8599,106093,00.html [Accessed 6 Feb 2005].
This article from TIME magazine touches on almost every aspect of the problems of merit-based scholarships, presenting quite a strong argument. However, it is somewhat biased.

Evaluations of Barrett Seaman

Peter Beinart, "The Carville Trick" 16 November 1998;,10987,953865,00.html [Accessed 6 Feb 2005].
This brief article from TIME magazine discusses the HOPE scholarship and analyzes the problems that are caused by it being merit-based.

Evaluations of Peter Beinart

Student Support, Georgia Tech Office of Development 2004; [Accessed 6 Feb 2005].
This site simply presents Georgia Tech's views on merit and need-based scholarships.

Evaluations of this source

WEB: Financing Your College Education - General Financial Aid Information, Student Financial Aid Services, 2005

This site gives you a much better look on how your need is calculated and depending on certain stipulations how much money you should receive.

Evaluations of lophilli

WEB: A NEW HOPE (Part 2, Where Have you gone income gap)

This site gives you a lot of information about the HOPE scholarship which is merit based. In addition, although this site is highly opinionative it takes a look at the development of this scholarship which is one that use to be partially merit based and partially need based. However, after a short amount of time it became completely need based. The same reasons that this site proposes can coincide with the same reasons why GT should have more merit based scholarships than need.

Evaluations of lophilli

WEB: “Financial Aid Administrators Conference”, 2005 Council for Christian Colleges & Universities

On this website two very detailed power point presentations are provided from the Financial Aid Administrators Conference for a particular university. It gives you a look at how college decide on need vs merit and the benefits and disadvantages

Evaluations of lophilli

RESTORED:"The mission of Lumina Foundation for Education is to expand access to postsecondary education in the United States. The Foundation seeks to identify and promote practices leading to improvement in the rates of entry and success in education beyond high school, particularly for students of low income or other underrepresented background"- the stated mission of the lumina fondation. This site will most likely be biased toward need based students.... so take it with a grain of salt. - sumner by Dr. William B. Allen, Director
State Council of Higher Education for Virginia. I found this speech very interesting. It points out a lot of logical theories for putting financial aid into merit based programs. - sumner
In a book called " How to pay for your degree in Engineering" by Gail A. Schlacter and R. David Weber, almost all the scholarships requiered the academics but only 10% requiered the need. More inormation on the book is available at CONTRIBUTED by Azigiza.

Like Professor Denise Graves (of Montgomery College in Rockville MD) used to say: "There are other institutions in charge of the low class. The bottom line of Education is academics". CONTRIBUTED by Azigiza.

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